The Properties and Benefits of Hydrogen
Hydrogen burns significantly faster than diesel fuel, and with a signficantly Lower Flammability Limit (LFL, or sometimes LEL). Both of these factors lead to small amounts of hydrogen having significant effects on diesel combustion. The first and most important effect, for our purposes, is that the hydrogen promotes a faster and more complete burn of the diesel fuel, closer to the top of the power stroke in a diesel engine. This leads to increased thermal efficiency, which necessarily leads to less fuel spent for a given amount of work. In addition, hydrogen has a significant stabilizing effect on cycle-to-cycle variations in combustion, which leads to further efficiency improvements.
The addition of hydrogen to the combustion cycle also has significant effects on emissions, both due to the properties of hydrogen in combustion itself, and due to the increased thermal efficiency resulting from the hydrogen-enhanced combustion. A faster and more complete burn leads to dramatic reductions in unburnt hydrocarbons (Particulate Matter), and in carbon monoxide (CO). The increased fuel economy leads to a reduction in carbon dioxide levels (CO2), and the higher thermal efficiency of the combustion cycle leads to lower exhaust temperatures, which leads to a reduction in nitrous oxides (NOx).
The Application of Hydrogen utilizing the i-phi ™ technology
The modern diesel internal combustion engines burns approximately 70% of diesel fuel in the combustion process. The other 30% turns into unburned hydrocarbons that clog up the DPF and EGRs while the remainder contaminates the oil, and blows out the stack producing pollution and smog. Hydrogen burns 14-times faster than diesel and expands by 20,000-times its volume. When introduced via a delivery line on the vacuum side of the turbo, the hydrogen excites the diesel molecules, increasing the speed of the burn and therefore burning more of the diesel fuel. Simply put, by burning more of the fuel, there is less soot left over. By reducing the quantity of soot there is less for the DPF to filter and less to clog up the EGR valve. Less fuel left over after the burn equals fewer pollutants, better mileage and cleaner running engines.
While there are many companies in the Hydrogen Combustion Enhancement space, IHS is the only company in the world to have multiple third party verifications, SAE Type II fuel testing verification and an approved Carbon Plan and Green Print Assessment. IHS is the only company in this field that has been recognized by government. (In 2010, the province of Ontario offered a rebate to customers who purchased the i-phi ™ technology.) We have had third-party engineering testing proving the safety and reliability of the i-phi ™. At Innovative Hydrogen Solutions, we won't give you claims, we give you documented facts.
Research and development are at the forefront of IHS. IHS is the only company to have addressed and solved the issues of performance in both HOT and COLD climate conditions. Our solution includes an all-season package that keeps the unit at optimum temperature, cooling in hot climates and heating in cold climates. This further support IHS as the leader in the hydrogen space.